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Understanding Panic Disorder and Its Treatment with CBT

Panic disorder can be a challenging and distressing condition, affecting millions of people worldwide. If you or someone you know has experienced sudden and intense feelings of fear or anxiety, seemingly out of the blue, it might be helpful to understand more about panic disorder and how it can be effectively treated.


What is Panic Disorder?


Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder characterised by recurring, unexpected panic attacks. These attacks are intense episodes of fear that can strike suddenly, often without a clear trigger. During a panic attack, individuals might experience a range of physical and emotional symptoms, such as:

Heart palpitations or racing heart


Trembling or shaking

Shortness of breath or a feeling of choking

Chest pain or discomfort

Nausea or abdominal distress

Dizziness or lightheadedness

Fear of losing control or going crazy

Fear of dying

Numbness or tingling sensations


These symptoms can be overwhelming and frightening, often leading individuals to avoid situations or places where they fear an attack might occur. This avoidance behavior can significantly impact daily life and quality of life.

Treatment of Panic Disorder with Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT):

Fortunately, there are effective treatments for panic disorder, and one of the most widely recognised and evidence-based approaches is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT is a structured, goal-oriented therapy that focuses on changing patterns of thinking and behaviour that contribute to anxiety and panic.

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